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I Dreamed I Saw St. Augustine

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Commentary

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 I Dreamed I Saw St. Augustine is one of the finer songs on John Wesley Harding. With this song Dylan truly exceed his stated goal of writing songs where there is “no line that you can stick your finger through; there’s no hole in any of the stanzas. There’s no blank filler.” 1

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 if I had to criticize it in some way, and I’m not, it’s that a person can listen to this song a thousand times and really not be  sure what exactly  he’s getting  at. It’s not obvious, and even after engaging in considerable background research, it’s still not. The song is subject to many interpretations, many lines can be argued in many ways. But that’s part of its beauty.

4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 Confessions of Saint Augustine Confessions of Saint Augustine

5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 So on to the research project. This first question most have, including me, is who the heck was St. Augustine? And right way we run into problems, because there have been several St. Augustine’s. Most likely Dylan had in mind St. Augustine of Hippo, author of the well-known Confessions. Follow this link if you are really interested in knowing – in academic detail – who St. Augustine was. The short answer, from Wikipedia, is below.

6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0 Augustine of Hippo was an early Christian theologian whose writings are considered very influential in the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy….. Among his most important works are City of God and Confessions, which continue to be read widely today….. After his conversion to Christianity and his baptism in 387, Augustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and different perspectives.[7] He believed that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom and he framed the concepts of original sin and just war.

7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 0 In the song’s narrator’s dream, he sees St. Augustine running around in a very agitated state, frantically searching for souls that have “been sold”. In the second stanza, he loudly cries that although there no “martyr is among you now” (I would presume this is a reference to Christ), they should know that they are “not alone”. They are not alone, I would think, because Christ is with them in heaven.

8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 In the the final stanza,  the narrator says that he dreamed that he “was among the ones that put him out to death”. Is “he” St. Augustine? Given that Augustine was not put to death, that doesn’t make much sense. Perhaps the “he” refers to Christ?

9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 Finally, we have the last few lines:

10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0 Oh, I awoke in anger
So alone and terrified
I put my fingers against the glass
And bowed my head and cried

11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 I must confess (haha get it confess/Confessions) that these lines – even though I’ve listen to this song a thousand times – never really made much of an impression on me. This is where having a library of Dylan-related books comes in handy.

12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 0 From The Nightingales’s Code, by John Gibbens (p. 262)

13 Leave a comment on paragraph 13 0 When, at the end of the song, he puts his fingers “against the glass” and cries, we might think of the glass through which St. Paul says we see god “darkly”. In other words, it is the separation of God and man and of man from man which, in resisting the Pentecostal fire of Augustine, he was accepted instead.

14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 0 From Michael Gray’s Song and Dance Man III (p. 225)

15 Leave a comment on paragraph 15 0 [Dylan has] a perennial fascination with mirrors and the odd, playful way in which they call reality into question – as they have done in life and art over many centuries. Dylan shares with Alice [in Wonderland] the idea that you should be able to pass through mirrors to another reality on the other side… [The song] ends with Dylan therefore unable to pass through the mirror:

16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0 I put my fingers against the glass
And bowed my head and cried.

17 Leave a comment on paragraph 17 0 Wilfrid Meller, author of A Darker Shade of Pale, has an interesting take on the song. 2.

18 Leave a comment on paragraph 18 0 “The song is about guilt – who better to have in the song than Augustine, the author of Confessions”. He also thinks that Augustine is Dylan (“I awoke in anger” and “I put my fingers up against the glass”. ).

19 Leave a comment on paragraph 19 0 The music of I Dreamed I Saw St. Augustine was clearly based on the well-known folk song, I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night, famously performed by Joan Baez at Woodstock.

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21 Leave a comment on paragraph 21 0 I dreamed, I saw Joe Hill last night
Alive as you and me
Says I “But Joe, you’re ten years dead”
“I never died” says he
“I never died” says he

22 Leave a comment on paragraph 22 0 “The copper bosses killed you, Joe”
“They shot you Joe” says I
“Takes more than guns to kill a man”
Says Joe “I didn’t die”
Says Joe “I didn’t die”

23 Leave a comment on paragraph 23 0 And standing there, as big as life
And smiling with his eyes
Says Joe “What they can never kill
Went on to organize
Went on to organize”

24 Leave a comment on paragraph 24 0 “Joe Hill ain’t dead,” he says to me,
“Joe Hill ain’t never died.
Where working men are out on strike
Joe Hill is at their side,
Joe Hill is at their side.”

25 Leave a comment on paragraph 25 0 From San Diego up to Maine
In every mine and mill
Where working folks defend their rights
It’s there you find Joe Hill
It’s there you find Joe Hill

26 Leave a comment on paragraph 26 0 I dreamed I saw, I dreamed I saw, Joe Hill last night
Alive as you and me
Says I “But Joe, you’re ten years dead”
“I never died” says he, “I never died” says he
“I never died” says he”

27 Leave a comment on paragraph 27 0 Joe HillJoe Hill was a songwriter, itinerant laborer, and union organizer. He became famous around the world after a Utah court convicted him of murder. Hill claimed that he was not guilty, and at least some of the evidence backs him up. Many of the historians came to the same conclusion. In 1930, Alfred Hayes wrote a poem entitled “I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night”. Earl Robinson turned the poem into the song in 1936.

28 Leave a comment on paragraph 28 0 Dylan doesn’t play this song a lot. The most well-known alternate version was done for the unreleased version of the TV special done in 1976, Hard Rain, a duet with Joan Baez. She makes a quip at the beginning concerning Dylan’s habit of not rehearsing.

29 Leave a comment on paragraph 29 0 It was also released on the Alternate Self-Portrait, Bootleg Series Volume 10. That version is from the Isle of Wright Festival, a concert Dylan did with The Band. Not a bad version, but like most of the songs done for that concert, it’s a little ragged.

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34 Leave a comment on paragraph 34 0 Lyrics

35 Leave a comment on paragraph 35 0 I dreamed I saw St. Augustine
Alive as you or me
Tearing through these quarters
In the utmost misery
With a blanket underneath his arm
And a coat of solid gold
Searching for the very souls
Whom already have been sold

36 Leave a comment on paragraph 36 0 “Arise, arise,” he cried so loud
In a voice without restraint
“Come out, ye gifted kings and queens
And hear my sad complaint
No martyr is among ye now
Whom you can call your own
So go on your way accordingly
But know you’re not alone”

37 Leave a comment on paragraph 37 0 I dreamed I saw St. Augustine
Alive with fiery breath
And I dreamed I was amongst the ones
That put him out to death
Oh, I awoke in anger
So alone and terrified
I put my fingers against the glass
And bowed my head and cried

38 Leave a comment on paragraph 38 0 Notes:

  1. 39 Leave a comment on paragraph 39 0
  2. Goldmine Magazine, May 24 2011
  3. A Darker Shade of Pale, p. 153-154
Page 92
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Source: http://www.bobdylancommentaries.com/in-progress/i-dreamed-i-saw-st-augustine/